Published here with specific permission from the author
The following is a short summary describing where Daniel Boone lived during his lifetime, along with a few facts related to some of his many civil and military roles, a number of which having been overlooked by his biographers. The items mentioned just scratch the surface of his unique life and the many things that he accomplished during his life.
Daniel was born in Pennsylvania, the sixth of eleven children of Squire and Sarah Morgan Boone. His date of birth was October 22nd, 1734, per the Julian Calendar that was in use at the time. The Julian calendar had been in use since the time of Julius Caesar. In 1752, 18 years after the birth of Daniel Boone, England and the English Colonies switched over to the modern calendar that we still use called the Gregorian Calendar. The Gregorian Calendar removed 11 days from the Julian Calendar, making Daniel's birth by the new calendar, November 2, 1734. The new calendar also started the first of the year at the beginning of January instead of the first of March, as had been the case with the Julian Calendar.
The place of Daniel's birth was approximately six miles east of what is now the city of Reading, Pennsylvania. Daniel lived with his parents in Pennsylvania until May 1st, 1750, when at the age of 15, his parents left Pennsylvania, traveling down through the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia to the back country of North Carolina. Most persons at the time were living near America's east coast, and relatively few were living in the back country that bordered on the lands of the Indians. Daniel, who was already an expert marksman with a gun upon the family's arrival in North Carolina, spent much of his time hunting and exploring.
Most all of the persons living in the North Carolina backcountry were farmers, and the others performed trades, except for a few who held government positions such as surveyors and land agents. Daniel's father farmed, while also having a weaver's business and a blacksmithing business. Meanwhile Daniel's understanding of the wilderness as well as his abilities with a gun gave him the potential to make many times more money by obtaining and selling furs, than he could make by farming. His hunting also supplied a goodly amount of food needed for his parents, and after he married in 1756, when he was 21 years of age, to 17 year old Rebecca Bryan, his hunting helped keep his growing family with a supply of food. Daniel's hunting and trapping of furs which brought good prices on the market, would have made his life quite comfortable, however a number of times while hunting and trapping he was robbed of his furs, traps, guns, and horses by Indians, turning some of his long hunting trips into costly ventures with no meaningful result.
In continuing to track down the locations where he lived, records indicate that he lived at four different locations during his 21 years in North Carolina, with a temporary move during that time to live near Fredericksburg in Culpeper County, Virginia. This move to Virginia was for protecting his family from the Indian hostilities in the Yadkin Valley region during the French and Indian War. The time in Virginia was 1758-1762. His living locations when in North Carolina were north of the town of Salisbury when he lived with his parents, then close to the present town of Farmington, to live near Rebecca's parents. Then to a place called Holman's Ford, which was farther west along the Yadkin River, and finally to a place along Beaver Creek near the present day town of Boone (named for Daniel at a later time), in present Watauga County.
Following a failed attempt to establish the first white settlement in Kentucky, Daniel moved in 1774, to Moore's Fort in southwest Virginia. At the time the frontier settlements of Virginia were involved in (the Virginia governor) Lord Dunmore's War with the Indians north of the Ohio River. The next year, and for 14 years, from 1775 until 1789, he lived in Kentucky which was then part of Virginia. The locations were Fort Boonesborough from 1775 until 1779, then approximately 5 miles farther west to one of his parcels of land where he built Boone's Station near the present town of Athens, and lived from 1779 to ca.1882, then he moved his family another 5 miles farther west to his farm on Marble Creek, and finally, in 1786, he and his family moved to the new town of Limestone along the Ohio River, in northeast Kentucky. In 1781, while living at Boone's Station, in Fayette County, he had been elected to the Virginia legislature, and in 1787, when living at Limestone he was elected a second time to the Virginia legislature. During this period in Kentucky, Daniel held many military and civil positions. His military advancement was significant, starting with the rank of Lieutenant 1774 and raising in rank to a full Colonel by 1782. For several years he held the position of the highest civil and military authority (the position of County Lieutenant) for the then large county of Fayette. During this time there were nearly constant Indian hostilities and many horrid atrocities against the settlers. He also held positions appointed by the Governor or Governor's Council or Virginia legislature of Sheriff, Coroner, County Militia Lt. Colonel (second highest county militia rank), Deputy Surveyor for the three Kentucky counties, and also appointed as one of the Trustees for the three earliest towns in Kentucky. While in attendance in the Virginia Assembly in 1781, he was associated with Thomas Jefferson, who was then Governor for part of the time, and he was also acquainted with Patrick Henry and many of the other early leaders of the American Independence movement. During the 1781 term the British marched though Virginia, and at one point captured Daniel Boone and came close to capturing Thomas Jefferson. Daniel also knew John Marshall, the future Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. At one point, when John was a teenager, he carried and delivered a letter of Daniel Boone's to the letters recipient. Daniel also knew and wrote letters to Virginia Governor Benjamin Harrison, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and father of the future President William Henry Harrison.
In 1789, Daniel moved with his family to what is now West Virginia, which was then part of Virginia. He was elected for the third time to the Virginia legislature in 1791, and was commissioned as the Lt. Colonel of Kanawha County's militia by Governor Henry Lee. Governor Lee also appointed him as the contractor to transport supplies and provisions to the militia units in Kanawha County. Henry Lee was the famous General Lighthorse Harry Lee during the Revolutionary War, and father of Robert E. Lee (born some years later in 1807). It would seem that it was during this third term in the Virginia assembly, that Daniel and Rebecca became friends with George Washington, as Daniel's son, Nathan, stated.
Daniel lived at two locations in what is now West Virginia, and then in 1795, he moved back to Kentucky which by then had become a state. He first settled on son Daniel Morgan Boone's land for a couple of years along Brushy Fork of Hinkston Creek, near present day Millersburg in Nicholas County. He moved again in 1797 to near where present day Greenupsburg is located in Greenup County, along the Ohio River in eastern Kentucky. It was near Greenupsburg that Daniel's son, Jesse Boone, lived and where Jesse and his family remained after Daniel and the rest of the Boone family moved to Spanish Upper Louisiana (Missouri) in September and October of 1799.
After arriving in Spanish Louisiana, Daniel lived with his son Daniel Morgan Boone, who had obtained a Spanish Land Grant in 1797 near the present town of Matson in St. Charles County. The Spanish authorities appointed Daniel to the important position of Spanish Commandant. His role consisted of being the civil, military, and judicial leader over one of the seven Spanish Districts. After the Americans purchased and took over the Louisiana Territory in 1804, Daniel's district was absorbed into the St. Charles District, and Daniel moved with Rebecca to live in a cabin on the land of son Nathan Boone. He did some blacksmithing, trading, and hunted and trapped and explored along the Missouri River tributaries to the west. Rebecca died in 1813, and thereafter he spent considerable time living between the home of Nathan and a blockhouse of Callaway's Fort. Callaway's Fort had surrounded the house of Daniel's daughter Jemima and her husband Flanders Callaway, and was near present day Marthasville, in Warren County. During his last year or so, Daniel spent considerable time living with his son, Jesse, who had moved with his family to the then Missouri Territory in 1819. Jesse lived a few miles southeast of present day Williamsburg, which is in Callaway County. After living nearly 21 years in his chosen final homeland of what is now Missouri, Daniel died on September 26th, 1820.
Daniel lived within the following modern states;
1734-1750; in Pennsylvania at 1 location for 15 years.
1750-1758; in North Carolina at 2 locations; approx. 8 years.
1758-1762; in Virginia at 1 location; approx. 4 years.
1762-1773; North Carolina at 3 locations (one location being a return to his old farm in 1758); approx. 11 years.
1774; in Virginia at 1 location; approx. 1 year.
1775-1778; in Kentucky (then Virginia) at 1 location; approx. 4 years.
1778-1779; in North Carolina at 2 locations; approx. 1 year.
1779-1789; in Kentucky (then Virginia) at 3 locations; approx. 10 years.
1789-1795; in West Virginia (then Virginia), at 2 locations, approx. 6 years.
1795-1799 in Kentucky (now a state), at 2 locations, approx. 4 years.
1799-1820; in what is now Missouri, at 4 locations, approx. 21 years.
In what are now our present states; Pennsylvania (15), Virginia (5), North Carolina (20), Kentucky 18), West Virginia (6), Missouri (21).
Note: KY for 14 yrs and WV for all 6 years were counties of Virginia.
In colonial times he lived within the colonies of; Pennsylvania (15 years); North Carolina (19 years); Virginia (4 years).
These numbers assume that the colony ceased to exist with the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
In total Daniel lived at 21 different locations during his lifetime.
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