Published here with specific permission from the author
Daniel Boone not only symbolizes the American backwoods frontiersman, but was the lead person for America's westward moving frontier. In that role he was at the forefront, exploring and hunting in the wilderness, blazing trails, establishing wilderness settlements, and defending the settlements against Indian attacks; at times being a military officer, a legislator in Virginia, and a Spanish Commandant in what is now Missouri. He was fearless, honest, patriotic, resilient, and he survived through many incidents when others perished. Daniel's adventures resulted in his being recognized as a legend in his own lifetime, and the most famous of all American backwoods frontiersmen, still 200 years later.
Along the way Daniel Boone was commissioned by various governors with military ranks during the many frontier Indian conflicts, starting with the rank of Lieutenant in 1774, to Captain, Major, Lt. Colonel, and eventually a full Colonel, the latter received while serving under General George Rogers Clark in 1781. He also held many civil appointments, such as; sheriff, coroner, County Lieutenant (the highest ranking county official - 'Civil and Military' of one of Kentucky's three original counties), and he served in the Colony of Transylvania's legislature, and then in the Virginia General Assembly on three occasions. He was also appointed by the Virginia Council as a Deputy Surveyor in all of Kentucky's original three counties, and as a Trustee for the earliest towns in those counties (he never served in the Trustee roles to which he was appointed). After his arrival in Upper Louisiana, he was appointed by the Spanish authorities to be the Commandant (the civil, military, and judicial leader) for the new Femme Osage District, one of only eight Spanish districts at the time, and the farthest west white settlement in America for the next fifteen years.
His two oldest sons were killed by Indians. Of his three living sons, all of whom moved to Missouri, all served in the War of 1812, and all three had important civil positions. One platted Jefferson City and was an appointed Commissioner for surveying the north boundary line of Missouri, one was a Missouri legislator and nominated Thomas Hart Benton for U.S. Senator, two of the three were appointed as judges, and the other served in the Missouri Constitutional Convention. He was also a noted surveyor and ended up as a Lt. Colonel in the U.S. Army. He established the first trail across Missouri and later in the military located and surveyed military roads of considerable length, as well as boundary lines between hostile Indian tribes. A grandson served under three Presidents, setting up treaties with western Indian tribes. One grandson by marriage was the first sheriff of Callaway County, another was an early sheriff in St. Charles County, and eventually the Missouri State Auditor, and another was a State Senator, Lt. Governor, and Governor of Missouri.
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